Dry skin is generally a result of reduced water content in skin’s outermost layer. Your skin’s outer layer, the stratum corneum, contains lipids which help keep moisture in or out of the skin. If your body is deficient in these lipids, moisture will either escape or evaporate from your skin, causing it to become dry.
There are different types of dry skin. Dry skin may be a mild and temporary condition, or it can be a more severe long-term problem. Dry skin often has a low level of sebum and can be prone to sensitivity. Dry skin has an inability to retain moisture, giving your skin a parched, rough look. This can cause your skin to feel tight and itchy, leaving many people in pain or discomfort.
Whether your dry skin is a temporary condition or a long-term issue, there are several common symptoms including;
Dry skin is very common and nothing to be embarrassed about. It is attributed to factors such as age, location and health status.
In most cases, dry skin is influenced by environmental exposures; however, certain diseases can also affect the look and feel of your skin significantly. There are many causes of dry skin that include:
A poor diet can play a role in your dry skin. A deficiency of vitamin A and B can also have an effect on your skin. There are many foods that are good for your skin including:
Dry fruit, nuts grains
Skin can become more sensitive with age. The lipid barrier can become disrupted as one gets older, leading to dryness and cracking, and therefore permitting easier penetration of potentially irritating particles. Chronic exposure to the sun can thin the skin, making it more sensitive and even more likely to bruise after trauma. In women, hormonal changes, such as decreased estrogen after menopause, can also thin the skin and increase dryness, itching and irritation.
To prevent dry skin the main form of treatment is to frequently apply a daily moisturizer. Most dry skin is caused by external elements. By applying moisturizer each day, you can effectively control the breakout of dry skin. You can improve the look and feel of your skin to avoid pain and itching, as well as restore your skin’s hydration.
For severe cases of dry skin, see your doctor or dermatologist.